Machu Picchu

Altitude 2400 mts. / 7872 above sea level
Weather Dry, sunny days and fresh nights
Temperature 78°-50° F / 26°-10° C aprox.
Rainy season from November to March
Accessibility By train - walking

One of the Seven Wonders of the World, Machu Picchu, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and is also Peru's main travel destination.

Introduced to the world a century ago as the Lost City of the Incas by the American Hiram Bingham, the city still guards the secret of the reasons why the Inca Pachacutec had it built. Was it a retreat for the royal family? Or was it intended to be a sacred place devoted to Sun worship, inhabited by acllas or Sun virgins? Or was it a defense fortress built to impede the possible advance of the Amazon jungle dwellers that threatened the empire? Beyond these reasons, what intrigues all visitors and researchers is the fact that the great Inca ordered that this marvel of architectural and engineering marvel be built in such an inaccessible spot, surrounded by untamed nature.

To visit Machu Picchu is to enter into a different dimension, in which the Andean world view clearly unfolds before your eyes and flows forth to fill you with its energy. The citadel was built in complete harmony with nature, on the summit of Machu Picchu hill, crowning the Urubamba River which flows mightily at its feet. Standing in front of Machu Picchu as a careful guardian is Huayna Picchu, a hill where we find the remains of what was considered to be the Temple of the Moon.

The Intihuatana or the sun clock, located on the peak of a small hill, is one of the main attractions of the citadel. During your visit, do not miss the Royal Tomb, the Temple of the Three Windows, the House of the Priest, the Temple of the Sun, the Central Temple, and the Tower (Torreón), the only circular structure in the entire complex.

To reach Machu Picchu, you can travel by train to the town of Aguas Calientes and then ascend up the mountain via public transportation, or by foot up the Inca Trail. 

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